Prescriptions Abuse

The majority of people who are prescribed prescriptions use them as prescribed. However an estimated 48 million people (aged 12 and older), according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, have used prescription drugs for recreation. Some of those people do not become addicted, but some do.

The two most common types of prescription medication that are abused is Benzodiazepines and opiates.

Benzodiazepines:

More commonly known as benzos there are fifteen different brands of benzos distributed in the US, most common are Valium, Xanax, and Klonopin. They have a high potential for abuse and addiction. When used properly, they can be short-term solutions for sleep problems, anxiety, stress reactions like panic attacks and muscle spasms. In some contexts, they help prevent seizures (like during withdrawal from heavy alcohol abuse).

Benzos are designed to soothe symptoms of anxiety and sleeplessness by suppressing neural activity inside the brain. The sedative effect of benzos, as well as their highly addictive chemical makeup, is what causes them to be addictive.

Like any drug the use of benzos can start as a once in a while use, to frequent pro-longed use. The more the addict uses the drug, the higher their tolerance gets which means they need to take more to get the same feeling, the feeling they long for. Eventually the brain becomes accustomed to having the drug, and when it doesn’t have it withdrawal begins. Withdrawal from Benzos like alcohol can cause seizures and be deadly. La Fuente Hollywood Treatment Center offers detoxification treatment from benzodiazepines.

Like any drug the use of benzos can start as a once in a while use, to frequent pro-longed use. The more the addict uses the drug, the higher their tolerance gets which means they need to take more to get the same feeling, the feeling they long for. Eventually the brain becomes accustomed to having the drug, and when it doesn’t have it withdrawal begins. Withdrawal from Benzos like alcohol can cause seizures and be deadly. La Fuente Hollywood Treatment Center offers detoxification treatment from benzodiazepines.

Opiates:

Prescription pain pills are a class of drugs called opiates. The most common opiates are Oxycontin, Vicodin, Norco, and Hydrocodone. There are several possible reasons for the severity of the current prescription drug abuse problem. A couple of possible reasons are, the volume of prescriptions written, and aggressive marketing by pharmaceutical companies. These factors together have helped create the broad “environmental availability” of prescription medications in general and opioid analgesics in particular.

This greater availability of opioid (and other) prescribed drugs has been accompanied by alarming increases in the negative consequences related to their abuse.

When opiates are ingested they attach to opioid receptors that are found throughout the body. This reduces the user’s perception of pain, physical or mental. The more the addict uses the harder it is to achieve the “high”, and so they use more and through different methods. Eventually the addict will do whatever they can to get more, and some will turn to heroin.

An ever present fear for an opiate addict is getting “sick”. The brain becomes used to having the substance so when it is denied the addict will start withdrawing. Opiate withdrawal is acute, and many addicts report being most afraid of that. Withdrawal from opiates consists of: Nausea, bone aches, and insomnia.

Overdose is common on prescription opiates. Opiates act as a central nervous system depressant. They will slow down breathing and heart rate, which can cause coma or a death.